Many Indigenous Australians are visiting archives and libraries to search for information about themselves and their ancestors.
The State Records Office contains many records of value to Aboriginal people undertaking family history research. To improve access to these records the State Records Office has undertaken initiatives designed to help Aboriginal people achieve greater ease of access to information that may be of importance for family history research.
Official Records - Aboriginal Affairs
In Western Australia successive State Government agencies controlled the lives of Aboriginal people from 1905 until the latter were granted citizenship rights in the late 1960s. The official records that document this control are of vital significance, particularly for those people who were removed from their families and settled elsewhere in the State.
The State Records Office holds departmental files relating to Aboriginal affairs dating back as far as the 1880s. Before this period records relating to Aboriginal people can be found in the correspondence of the Colonial Secretary’s Office - also held by the State Records Office.
Staff on duty in the State Records Office Search Room are available to assist clients in locating records of relevance to their family history. Most of these records will have subject or locality based titles; i.e. they concern places where Aboriginal people lived, such as missions, pastoral properties, town reserves and institutions (such as Moola Bulla and Moore River). Only a handful of records are personal or family files.
It should be noted that some records about Aboriginal people are restricted due to the personal and confidential nature of the information in the records and that some of this information is restricted for 100 years. Therefore prior permission must be obtained from the Aboriginal History and Research Services in the Department of Local Government, Sport and Cultural Industries (DLGSC) or other relevant government departments to access restricted access records. Further information on accessing restricted records can be found on the Restricted Access page. State Records Office staff can assist clients in completing the necessary application to see the records. Applications are made on special forms that can be obtained from either the State Records Office Enquiry Desk or Aboriginal History Research Services (AHRS). Once a request has been approved by AHRS, the records can be examined in the State Records Office Search Room, or the information is provided via AHRS.
Further information relating to Aboriginal people can be found on the Aboriginal Records page.
Other Official Records
Records created by government schools, police stations, courts of law and prisons are important sources of family history information for all people with Western Australian ancestry.
The following areas are of particular relevance to clients interested in researching Indigenous family history:
- Births, Deaths & Marriages
- Colonial Secretary’s Office Records
- Court Records
- Police Records
- Prison and Gaol Records
- School Records
Examples of some of the records that may be of interest to clients undertaking research into Aboriginal family history include:
* A register of prisoners sent to Rottnest Island from 1886 to 1900 (Cons 1156, Series 844).
* The records of evidence heard by the Broome and Wyndham "Native Courts" (Series 564 and 1260).
* Applications for citizenship lodged by Aboriginal people with the Perth Police Magistrate between 1946 and 1964, under the Natives (Citizenship Rights) Act 1944. (Acc 3318, AN 17).
More examples of Aboriginal records held by the State Records Office can be found on the Aboriginal Records page.
Enquiry Desk staff are always happy to advise clients on the use of the numerous finding aids and indexes available in the Search Room to assist clients in locating records of relevance to their family history.
Helpful Indexes to Personal Names
Indexes can provide a short cut to information contained in archival sources or in published material, such as newspapers. Useful indexes to names of Indigenous Western Australians are:
- The Bicentennial Dictionary of Western Australians
This multi volume publication of the University of Western Australia Press includes four volumes devoted to Aboriginal people:
- Vol VI Albany Region 1821-1898;
- Vol VII New Norcia 1845-1914;
- Vol VIII Southwest Region 1829-1840;
- Vol X Rottnest 1838-1931.
In addition to these published volumes further indexes to names of Aboriginal people by region have been compiled by Neville Green (a member of the Dictionary’s Aboriginal Committee) and Susan Moon, covering the Murchison, Pilbara, Southwest, Gascoyne, and Kimberley up until 1890. Individual entries give a person’s common name, alias (or other name), locality and the source of the information (invariably nineteenth century official records and newspapers).
Copies of these indexes are available in the State Records Office Search Room and the J.S. Battye Library.
Personal Names Index
This index was compiled by the (then) Aboriginal Affairs Planning Authority and contains references to over 5,000 people of Aboriginal descent who are referred to in the General File series held by the State Records Office, and to personal history cards held by the Aboriginal Affairs Department. The relevant file number or card number is provided against the person's name.
The personal history cards are particularly useful, containing information extracted from former Native Welfare personal files held by the Department for Community Development.
Researchers are welcome to consult the State Records Office’s copy of this index at the Search Room Enquiry Desk. To obtain access to the information on these cards you will need to contact the Aboriginal History Research Unit at the Department of Aboriginal Affairs.
An Index to the Chief Protector of Aborigines Files 1898-1908
The Chief Protector of Aborigines Files (Acc 255, Series 3005, 1898-1908) comprise one of the most significant collections of unrestricted Aboriginal related material held by the State Records Office. This index contains a comprehensive listing of all the names of Aboriginal persons mentioned within the files, as well as the names of settlers, officials, stations and locations. The index was created by the State Records Office, with assistance from the Friends of the Battye Library Inc and the Department of Family and Children’s Services.
Other indexes which may prove useful to clients wishing to undertake Aboriginal family history research include:
This index lists the records in the General File series which pertain to particular missions (e.g. Beagle Bay Mission, Forrest River Mission, New Norcia Mission, etc).
This index lists the records in the General File series which pertain to particular stations throughout the State (e.g. Clifton Downs, Minderoo, etc).
All of the indexes above are available from the Reference Shelf in the State Records Office Search Room. Staff at the Search Room Enquiry Desk are happy to assist clients with using these indexes.
Restricted Indigenous Records
Many records relating to Aboriginal people created by the Department of Aboriginal Affairs and its predecessor agencies are restricted due to the personal and confidential nature of some of the information in these records. Restricted access records may be restricted for up to 100 years so permission to access these records must be sought from the Department of Aboriginal Affairs or other relevant government departments.
Further information on accessing restricted records can be found on our Restricted Records page.
In some cases State Records Office staff may be able to provide limited assistance to clients who live outside the Perth metropolitan area and are unable to to attend the Search Room in person
Private archives are records that have been donated by non-government organizations (such as churches and benevolent associations), families and individuals. These records can be of significance to Aboriginal people researching their family history, particularly church mission records which can contain vital information on Aboriginal people who have lived in those communities.
Arrangements can be made to view these records in the Battye Library Researchers Room located on the Fourth Floor Mezzanine of the Alexander Library Building. For more information on accessing Private Archives material contact the Battye Library Reference Desk on (08) 9427 3291.
Aboriginal people wishing to research their family history should be aware that this is a specialist office that can, on application, assist them with family history research.
Department of Local Government, Sport and Cultural Industries
Address: Level 2, State Library of Western Australia
This was recently part of the Department of Aboriginal Affairs, and officers at Aboriginal History Research Services can provide advice to Indigenous people undertaking family history research. In particular they are able to provide access to personal history cards.
Further information can be found on the Aboriginal Records page.
State Records Office staff at the Enquiry Desk can provide additional information on the range of resources available from within the State Records Office collection that may be of benefit to Indigenous family history researchers. For more information contact us by telephone on (08) 9427 3600, via email at firstname.lastname@example.org or in person.